First name origin & meaning:
English: Town near the temple
Last name origins & meanings:
- English and French: occupational name or habitational name for
someone who was employed at or lived near one of the houses
(‘temples’) maintained by the Knights Templar, a crusading order so
named because they claimed to occupy in Jerusalem the site of the old
temple (Middle English, Old French temple, Latin
templum). The order was founded in 1118 and flourished for 200
years, but was suppressed as heretical in 1312.
- English: name
given to foundlings baptized at the Temple Church, London, so called
because it was originally built on land belonging to the Templars.
- Scottish: habitational name from the parish of Temple in
Edinburgh, likewise named because it was the site of the local
headquarters of the Knights Templar.
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